Introduction Quick sort or quicksort (sometimes called partition-exchange sort) is an efficient and very fast sorting algorithm for internal sorting, serving as a systematic method for placing the elements of an array in order. When implemented well, it can be about two or three times faster than its main competitors, merge sort and heapsort. In efficient implementations it is not a stable sort, meaning that the relative order of equal sort items is not preserved. Quick sort can operate in-place on an array, requiring small additional amounts of memory to…

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## Bubble Sort using C

Introduction Bubble sort is one of the most popular sorting methods. It can be treated as a selection sort because it is based on successively selecting the smallest element, second smallest element and so on. In order to find the successive smallest elements this process relies heavily on the exchange of the adjacent elements and swaps them if they are in the wrong order.

Continue## Straight Selection Sort using C

Selection sorting refers to a class of algorithms for sorting a list of items using comparisons. These algorithms select successively smaller or larger items from the list and add them to the output sequence. This is an improvement of the Simple Selection Sort and it is called Straight Selection Sort. Therefore, instead of replacing the selected element by a unique value in the i-th pass (as happens in Simple Selection Sort), the selected element is exchanged with the i-th element. Let’s assume an array “a” with “n” elements. Thus, at…

Continue## Simple Selection Sort using C

The simplest possible technique based on the principle of repeated selection makes use of “n” passes over an array elements. In the i-th pass, the i-th smallest element is selected from the given array and it is placed in the i-th position of a separate output array. The already selected element is not selected next time and in order to ensure it, a unique value is put in place of the selected element in the original array. Simple selection sort has an O(n²) time complexity which makes inefficient for large…

Continue## Shell Sort using C

I will show here an example on shell sort (invented by Donald Shell) using C programming language. This method makes repeated use of straight insertion or shuttle sort. The method starts by sorting pairs of elements far apart from each other, then progressively reducing the gap between elements to be compared. An array with n elements, in each pass, an increment is chosen. The increment must be less than n and the increment progressively should be smaller and the last increment must be equal to 1.

Continue## Straight Insertion Sort using C

Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted array (or list) one item at a time. More details can be found here at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insertion_sort Let’s say we have an array a, so at each i-th pass, a[i] is successively compared with a[i-1], a[i-2], etc. until an element smaller than a[i] is found or the beginning of the array is reached. Elements that are found to be greater than a[i], are moved right by one position each to make room for a[i]. The time complexity of this…

Continue## Shuttle Sort using C

In Shuttle Sort technique for n elements in an array a, it requires n-1 passes. When i-th pass(1<=i<=n) begins, the first i elements, i.e., elements a[0] to a[i-1] have been sorted and these occupy the first i positions of the array. To insert (i+1)th element, a[i] is compared with a[i-1] and if the value of a[i] is smaller than a[i-1] then they are exchanged. In the same way the process continues until either no exchange is required or the beginning of the array is reached.

Continue## Binary Search using C

This example shows how Binary Search Algorithm works and I am going to implement it using C programming language. Binary search, also known as half-interval search, logarithmic search, or binary chop, is a search algorithm that finds the position of a target value within a sorted array. Binary search compares the target value to the middle element of the array. Binary search algorithm is better when an array is sorted because it makes comparison between the search key “k” and middle element of the array. Since the array is sorted,…

Continue## Sequential Search using C

This example shows how Sequential Search algorithm works. In sequential or linear search an element is searched or found in a list. Simple way to search for a key value k in an array a is to compare the values of the elements in a with k. The process starts with the first element of the array and k and comparison continues as long as either the comparison does not result in a success or the list of elements in the array are exhausted. This method of searching is known…

Continue## Multiplication of Two Polynomials using C Program

Introduction This example shows an example on multiplication of two polynomials using C program. For multiplication of two polynomials we will use here Structure, which is a composite data type, in which we can define all data types under the same name or object. Size of the Structure is determined by computing the size of all data types, plus any internal padding. The key word struct is used to declare the Structure. A Polynomial is a mathematical expression involving a sum of powers in one or more variables multiplied by…

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