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Data Structure

Introduction Quick sort or quicksort (sometimes called partition-exchange sort) is an efficient and very fast sorting algorithm for internal sorting, serving as a systematic method for placing the elements of an array in order. When implemented well, it can be about two or three times faster than its main competitors, merge sort and heapsort. In…

Introduction Bubble sort is one of the most popular sorting methods. It can be treated as a selection sort because it is based on successively selecting the smallest element, second smallest element and so on. In order to find the successive smallest elements this process relies heavily on the exchange of the adjacent elements and…

Selection sorting refers to a class of algorithms for sorting a list of items using comparisons. These algorithms select successively smaller or larger items from the list and add them to the output sequence. This is an improvement of the Simple Selection Sort and it is called Straight Selection Sort. Therefore, instead of replacing the…

The simplest possible technique based on the principle of repeated selection makes use of “n” passes over an array elements. In the i-th pass, the i-th smallest element is selected from the given array and it is placed in the i-th position of a separate output array. The already selected element is not selected next…

I will show here an example on shell sort (invented by Donald Shell) using C programming language. This method makes repeated use of straight insertion or shuttle sort. The method starts by sorting pairs of elements far apart from each other, then progressively reducing the gap between elements to be compared. An array with n…

Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted array (or list) one item at a time. More details can be found here at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insertion_sort Let’s say we have an array a, so at each i-th pass, a[i] is successively compared with a[i-1], a[i-2], etc. until an element smaller than a[i] is…

In Shuttle Sort technique for n elements in an array a, it requires n-1 passes. When i-th pass(1<=i<=n) begins, the first i elements, i.e., elements a[0] to a[i-1] have been sorted and these occupy the first i positions of the array. To insert (i+1)th element, a[i] is compared with a[i-1] and if the value of…

Introduction Here we will see example on binary tree using pointer in C programming language. The same concept can be used in other language to write program for binary tree. What is Binary Tree? Binary tree is an important class of tree in data structure. A node in binary tree can have at most two…

Introduction We will create an example on queue using linked list in C program. A queue like a stack is another special type of ordered list. In queue insertion operations are permitted at one end of the list and deletion operations are performed at the other end of the list. The end where insertion operations…

Introduction We will see how to create stack using linked list in C program. Stack is a special kind of linear list. Linear list is an ordered collection of a number of items of the same type. Two operations are performed frequently from linear list – insertion and deletion. A stack is a linear list…

Introduction In this post we will create doubly linked list example using C program. This example shows how to create, insert, append, remove nodes in doubly linked list using C program. We will use here Structure, which is a composite data type, in which we can define all data types under the same name or…

Introduction This example shows how to create, insert, append, remove nodes in singly linked list example using C program. We will use here Structure, which is a composite data type, in which we can define all data types under the same name or object. Size of the Structure is determined by computing the size of…

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